Tell us a little bit about your relationship. How do you get
along? Do you ever fight?
Alex: I'd say we're a pretty peaceful crew, the three of us.
There's a lot of love in the house. We feel fortunate. A lot
of families split up. We're just very happy together.
Zena: Personally, I think I have the best relationship
with my parents, compared to a lot of my friends. I get
along with my parents so well, and we hardly ever fight
and disagree. It's really amazing.
Allyson: I think all that's true too.
A spiritual approach toward life is obviously important to your
parents, Zena. We can infer from Alex's 1996 painting Family
that you sometimes pray together. To what extent does
spirituality play a part in your own life?
Zena: Well, I'm not incredibly spiritual or anything. But, I
do pray and stuff like that. We pray at every meal that
we have together, which is mainly just dinner. And I
usually pray before I go to bed. It's not one of those
things where I kneel down and say that "Now I lay me
down to sleep..." thing. But, I dunno, just like a thing to
God to bless me and my family--thanks for every day
and just how happy I am. And, if I want anything, like a
part in a movie or something, I might just add that in.
Allyson: When Zena says that she's not very spiritual, I
think what she means is that she's not very religious.
Allyson: Because I don't think that we're very religious.
But I think we have a rich spiritual life that is integrated
with our regular life. Our spirituality is from all different
religions. We celebrate Jewish, Christian and Pagan
holidays and go to Buddhist retreats occasionally. We
read aloud from the Bhagavad Gita, Buddhist scripture,
the Bible, Rumi and other Islamic mystics. We look for
the common thread in all wisdom traditions. We have
no prohibition from practicing the occult. Zena likes to
pull runes, we throw the I Ching and interpret each
others dreams. It all adds to an intuitive and inner
At what age do you think that it is reasonable to begin a
discussion on the topic of drugs with one's child? At what age
do you think it is reasonable to mention one's own drug use?
Allyson: I always answer every question that Zena has
directly and specifically. I try not to say more than I think
she wants to know, because I don't want to scare her or
encourage her. I just want to answer her questions. So
whenever she might have had a question about drugs, I'd
answer it. But, at the same time, she would hear a lot of
messages about not smoking, and if she would see us
smoking pot or something, then I would have to address
that. We would talk about it. I think that when she was
pretty young she saw us smoking pot--not that we
smoked very often, we smoke very rarely. Occasionally
with friends who might smoke in front of her. We didn't
hide if from her, because I really can't stand that. I don't
like hiding anything from Zena. I don't like to smoke pot
all the time either, so that's a good thing. I wouldn't
want you to think that I was constantly getting stoned
every day. But if we were at a party, and we were with
some friends, and we lit up, it might have surprised her
when she was four or five years old, and she might have
been curious about it then, and later on too.
When we saw propaganda television from the Partner-
ship for a Drug-Free America, we explained to her that
these were sponsored by drug companies that wanted
people to buy their drugs, not the ones that the govern-
ment had decided were "wrong." In addition to that--
well maybe I'm jumping the gun here--but we had to
explain to her early on that our own drug use was not
something that she could talk to her friends about. We
explained to her that it was like the early Christians who
had to hide their religion from Roman persecutors; that
we believed what we were doing was not wrong. We
believed that it was right and it was part of our spiritual
life, but it was against the law. It was illegal and it could
be dangerous. We could go to jail for it. So we wanted to
tell her about all of those dangers right away. And we
didn't want her to think that the drugs themselves were
not dangerous either, since drugs can be very dangerous
also, when they are used by people who are too young, or
by people who are mentally unstable, or used in excess,
or whatever. So we would tell her those things. What age
did we tell her those things? Well, as they started to
discuss this in school. They would bring this topic up in
school, and we would counter it with our own particular
What sort of "drug education" have you been exposed to in school, Zena. What
impact has this had on your own attitude toward drugs?
Zena: The message in school is basically, "Don't do drugs, don't do drugs,
don't do drugs." Over and over again. It doesn't teach you anything
about drugs. It says nothing specifically that might be good about drugs.
Everything is bad. No good will come from any of it. And I wonder why
they lie about this? I don't know. I suppose that they just want people to
believe that what they are saying is true, so that they won't do drugs.
However, I agree that people shouldn't be doing drugs at my age--like
13 or 14.
You're about to turn 14, right? To what extent are you aware of others around
your own age using drugs? And if this goes on at all, what drugs are popular?
Zena: I've only had a few friends that do drugs, but I actually don't hang
out with them anymore.
Allyson: How about acquaintances then? People in your class?
Zena: Me and my friends talk about the fact that so many people in our
grade smoke pot. And a lot of people have had problems with it, or have
gotten into a lot of trouble when their parents have found out. There's
so many people in our grade that do that. And a lot of people drink. I
know some people who have done acid and Ecstasy.
Allyson: In the ninth grade?
How prevalent would you say that such drug use is at your age--13, 14, 15
Zena: I think that there's a lot of people that are doing it.
Allyson: You think half?
Zena: Yeah, if not more than half.
Allyson: And I'd just like to say, as a proud mother, whereas we have
sacramentally used drugs for many years, and talked about it openly
with Zena, whenever she was ready to hear about it, she knows that she
is not ready. If you talk about it with your kids, it doesn't mean that they
are going to jump right into using drugs. The ones that are using drugs
now in Zena's grade, I would guess have parents who would be totally
against it. Would not be using it, would be extremely petrified, and
might have even kept any information from their kids or basically lied
to their kids about the risks. Drug use is dangerous. For one thing,
because it is illegal. But more than that. Young forming egos should not
partake in mind-altering "ego dissolving" substances. Nevertheless,
parents should still tell the truth, and not be afraid to include the
positive effects that they might have had with drugs when they were
younger. Not sharing openly with your kids leads to kids that keep
things from their parents.
As parents, is there a particular age range where you feel as though it seems
reasonable for a child to experiment with some drugs? Where would you place
that age range, and what sort of an environment seems most suitable?
Allyson: I want to leave that up to Zena. I don't know, but I assume that
she might want to experiment at some point. But she may never. I mean,
my sister-in-law has never tried any drugs other than alcohol at all.
People do go through their lives and not experiment, and if she doesn't
want to, that's fine. I think that it will be up to her. The most perfect
environment in my opinion for Zena, would be to do it with us. [laughs]
I'd love to do it with her. When she is older, we could do it together. Yet,
I think that in some ways it's a peer thing. That people should do it with
their peers. We hear that from other people. But you know, it's not a bad
thing if this is a part of your spiritual life, to share that with your family.
Alex, is there a particular age where it seems reasonable to you for children to
experiment with drugs?
Alex: Children, huh? Oh God. [laughs]
Well, I guess by that I mean anyone under the age of 18.
Alex: Are we talking about the crack babies, and whether they like it or
not? God. I guess I'm of a mind similar to Stephen Gaskin, who basically
feels that the drinking age is appropriate for the other stuff as well, in a
general sense. That one wants to form an ego before one starts to
transcend it. I know that my friends--when I was in junior high and
high school--were probably 13 or 14 when they started trying LSD.
And I think it really freaked most of them out. Some of these people
stayed kind of rubbery throughout that period, and I don't know that it
was helpful for them in gelling their personality, because they were
dealing with a lot of other issues--their parents breaking up, and other
kinds of things. It's kind of hard to tell what effects these things have on
people, because our lives are complexly interwoven matrixes of lots of
different forces. I can only speak from my own experience. I waited until
I was around 21. My first trip was an extraordinary opening into
resolving issues that had been coming up during adolescence, which
kind of crystallized through that experience, resolved themselves in
some ways, and suggested ways past my impasses. It might be that some
kids would get that early, and they would be able to skip some of the
doldrums or depressions of adolescence if they were initiated in a
framework of support and by folks who were part of their tribe--a sort
of wider and wiser family. And so if they were opening up and becom-
ing vulnerable--exposing their psyche and delving into those dimen-
sions in a loving supportive setting--then I can imagine that it could be
done earlier than 21.
Allyson: I should say that I was probably 17. I left for college when I
was 17, and I didn't start using LSD until then. But I really feel strongly
about the aspects of set and setting. That if you are going to use LSD or
this sort of thing, you really need to be in a perfect setting. It is best to
be with someone who really cares about you, in case you experience that
terror. You need to be with someone who is with you on that. It's not
easy for high school students to find a place to do that. There's always
the danger of parents coming in, or an authority finding out. To find the
perfect set and setting, in nature where it is beautiful, and you can be
there for long periods of time--I don't think that is easy to find. Just
being away from home and being on my own, it was better for me to
start then than it was for me to do it in high school. But I know that
kids are starting now much younger than that. Kids started younger
than that when I was in school too, but I waited.
When I was in high school, perhaps about 16 years old at the time, I remember
that one of my friend's parents let us have alcohol parties at her house. She
didn't buy the alcohol for us. But her thought was that if the kids were going to
be drinking anyway, that she would rather have it be supervised and somewhere
that they could spend the night if they needed to, and where no one was allowed
to drive home if they were drunk. She didn't clear these parties with the parents
of the kids who were in attendance. Her heart was in the right place. But she
certainly could have had to face a lot of pissed off moms and dads, as well as
legal problems. She was walking a fine line with her attempt to be more
responsible than the current mores of society allow, and there was risk involved.
On the other hand, some adult users of psychedelics have admitted publicly to
turning on their own juvenile kids. Steve Kubby is one example; he wrote in his
book The Politics of Consciousness about sharing a low dose of LSD with his
16-year-old son Sky. And then there are traditional societies where visionary
plants are used ritualistically for spiritual purposes at a much younger age, but
these folks may not be facing the legal consequences.
Allyson: Well, it is one thing to turn on your own one kid. But then to
have a group your kid's friends over, you're really in danger. We would
be really in danger, because we're known. People have read about us in
The New York Times. I mean they know. So we can't have children over
here doing that, and Zena knows that.
From a legal perspective, I can see the utility of waiting until one's kid is at
least 18, before dosing with them. But in reality, the kid might not want to
wait that long. So for parents who aren't comfortable tripping with their kid
before he or she turns 18, what do you think some reasonable options are?
Allyson: Well, in Brazil it is legal to do ayahuasca. Parents do go down
there with their teenagers and they have this experience together in a
legal environment. We know people who have done that, and we've
That's a great solution.
Allyson: But of course Zena has to want to do it. It's not just our thing.
Alex: One of the things that Zena asked us once during an interview
was, "Do I have to do drugs?" No, definitely not. It is just something that
some people are drawn to. And after which, if they have had an amazing
experience, they think, "Oh my God, why are so many people in the
world going without this?" It's like not knowing about having orgasms
or something. There's part of you that wants to be a proselyte, to initiate
people, or to try and cajole people into it. But then you realize that
you're of a certain mind, and we're not in a society--especially in these
dark days of the Bush Era--that is understanding of the motivations
that would drive people toward a spiritual reality through altering their
The fact that psychedelics are demonized by our current government places
parents who use them in a strange situation. But one potentially beneficial side
of that is that it allows for an opportunity to teach your child that it is impor-
tant to think for him- or herself, and not blindly accept the government or
Alex: We've got a full-on Drug War, or rather a war on a certain state of
consciousness. In the case of entheogen users, there are little rays of
light that we have to celebrate. Certainly the Native American Church
continues to use peyote, and they've been guaranteed that religious
right. And there seems to be some opening up in New Mexico about the
ayahuasca situation that is likewise used in religious settings as a
sacrament. As far as the atmosphere that the government has promul-
gated, and how that helps to clarify drug education for our children, I
think it's a lot like the sex education angle. Abstain. Don't do it. And
without really any sort of informed education, there's no education to it.
Allyson: Marijuana is clearly a less dangerous inebriant than alcohol;
and a lot of people feel this way. Alcohol is toxic in quantities that are
very drinkable. You could drink enough alcohol in a day to kill yourself.
You can't smoke enough in a day to kill yourself--it's just not as toxic.
Some children are fiercely afraid of their parents smoking. We had
friends who gave up smoking when their kids were pre-teenagers,
because the kids were very afraid of their parents doing something that
was illegal. They were so afraid of it that it caused them a lot of stress
and anxiety, and so the parents stopped. Marijuana is more dangerous
due to the potential legal ramifications, but less dangerous in terms of
its physiological effects. People have been using inebriants in every
society for ages. With this historical use of inebriants, it has been clearly
shown over time that some drugs are less dangerous than others. And
yet in the case of marijuana, children are taught to be more afraid of that
drug. Society educates children incorrectly in this way.
Alex: That's well put.
Allyson: You were asking earlier about when it is the best time to talk
with your children about drugs. I like to relate the following story,
because people are always concerned about parenting, and when they
should properly talk to their children about drugs. Zena has been going
to Alex's talks where he discusses his art history and his life, since she
was maybe two. When she was maybe four years old was the first time
she sat through an entire talk, which lasted about an hour and a half.
Alex talks about the first time he took LSD and his whole spiritual life
related to drugs and art. As she got older--maybe she was eight or nine
years old, or even older, ten perhaps--I remember one time she said to
me, "Well, I know you guys have tried marijuana. But nothing else." As
we were walking down the street she said this to me. And I thought,
"Okay, that's what she knows." That's what she wants to know. They
only take in what they really want to know. So if you don't tell them
what they don't ask you, then they only know what they want to know.
When they are ready to know more, then they ask you. So here she was,
living in an environment where her parents were known users, but she
believed that we didn't use, because that is all that she could hold right
then. The drug education that she had had in school made our consump-
tion of the other drugs seem impossible to her. We couldn't be doing
that. So she just made up that we hadn't done that, even though she had
heard it over and over again through the years that we had. So it's
interesting. They basically know what they want to know, and you don't
have to keep it from them. They'll ask you when they're ready.
How have you addressed the topic of visionary drug use with your own families
of origin? Have your parents been open to your explorations of inner space via
this method, or had any interest in such explorations themselves?
Alex: I think that my parents are understandably uncomfortable with
the subject. I don't think that they have ever really appreciated my
interests, and they have never had an interest themselves in psychedel-
ics. I think that the first time I was introduced to the subject was
through Life magazine and various news magazines when I was a boy
around 12 or 13. I did a science report on it at that time. I was quite
taken by Timothy Leary and the hippies, and all of that. Allen Ginsberg
and all those fellows seemed like they were having a lot of fun. It
certainly looked a lot more interesting than getting blown up in Viet
Nam. I was also intrigued by unlocking the imagination, since I was an
artist and knew I was an artist from early on. The visionary world was a
subject of attraction and curiosity to me.
At that time it wasn't illegal. I think that my parents considered it to be
interesting and unusual. But then as soon as the government started to
crack down on it, well... my folks were staunch Republicans who
embraced the idea of "my country right or wrong." The hippies must be
wrong, those who are wanting peace must be wrong. When I have
talked about my psychedelic experiences with them--because it has
been published many times in my books and in other places, interviews
and such that I have sent to them--they express that they are uncom-
fortable with the subject. But they are really just looking out for our
welfare. They really just love us and they want us to be safe. They don't
want any harm to come to our minds and they don't want any harm to
come to us through the negative publicity and Drug War mentality that
surrounds us. So I can understand their feelings. I'm afraid that they
can't understand mine.
Allyson: I'd like to just say about families that both of our parents are
still together, and both couples have been married for the same amount
of years--about 52 or 53 years. They were married the same year. And
all four of them are pretty conservative, they're all Republicans.
And they had artists as children. [laughs]
Allyson: Well, we had artists as parents too. Alex's dad is a graphic
designer and my mother is an artist. But they just happened to be...
well, my mother lived with my dad, so she's a conservative I think
because of the influence there. I think that everything Alex has said I go
along with. Our parents are more concerned about our welfare and our
well-being. Like when they saw the article that came out in the Times,
they were worried about the legal ramifications, and what our friends
would think, and what the school would think, and whether we were
going to get busted, and whether the police were going to get a search
warrant and burst into our house. You know, they worry about those
kind of things. That's their concern. I think that my mother is unusual,
in that she is the most open of the four of them. She's more of a free-
thinker, and is interested in all things about consciousness.
Alex: She's a spiritually curious person.
Knowing what you know now, would you have done anything
differently in the past?
Allyson: No. I wouldn't do anything different. I am
interested to hear what Alex has to say. But I think that
Zena has come out perfect as far as I'm concerned. I
wouldn't change a thing. She has a mind of her own.
She's going to decide when it is time for her, or if it is
never time for her. We've always told her the truth, and
if she ever wants to know more, we would tell her more.
I trust her implicitly. I think that if the time is right and
she decides to experiment, she'll tell us. Because she tells
us everything. She tells us everything because we don't
implode or explode when she does. She'll tell us because
we let her tell us without going crazy. I think she's
turned out great. Would you do anything different, Alex?
Alex: No. Because I feel as though that would mean
either lying or not saying anything. And I've never felt
comfortable doing that.
The attitude that you have is inspiring to me, because I think
that it is very important to be truthful with one's children. I
have some friends who used to hide when they smoked Can-
nabis--they tried as hard as they could to hide this from their
children. At a certain point it got ridiculous, with them trying
to hide this from their 13 or 14 year old daughter, because
she'd figured it out. She knew what was going on. And then
they had to have this sort of awkward conversation. So I
decided for myself that I would be straightforward from the
start about it with my daughter, and hope that this is the best
Allyson: I think it has more integrity. If people are really
concerned, they might consider temporarily stopping
their use. For example, we have close relatives that
decided to give it up for a while. Their children were
keen to them, and said, "We're really scared for you, and
it really makes us nervous. It really makes us upset." I
mean, you're a family. You live together, and you have to
make some sacrifices for each other. Sometimes if that
happens, and the children are not going to be convinced
about the positive effects, and it really makes them
uncomfortable, it makes them afraid, so then for a few
years you give it up. I mean, I gave it up when I got
pregnant. Even before I was going to get pregnant, I gave
it up for a while. Because I wanted to have the right
environment for my womb. I think that it is possible to
do that. It has more integrity to do that, than to hide. I
don't like hiding. I don't want Zena to hide things from
me. Everything I do, she's going to do back. If I hide from
her, then she's going to be sneaky and keep things to
herself. I would rather that she shares with me all the
stuff about her life.
It seems like a good approach. Zena, what do your friends
think about your parents?
Zena: Well, The New York Times article came out. A lot of
my friend's parents are lawyers or corporate executives
and they all read the Times, so my friends were all like,
"Zena, you're parents... they do LSD! And they smoke
marijuana!" And I'm like, "Yeah, I know. Got it."
"Yeah, I read the paper too." [laughs]
Zena: Yeah. It's an article about my parents. You would
have thought that I would have read it. So after I was,
"Yeah, whatever," they just sort of dropped it. They don't
really talk about it all the time, like "Your parents are
druggies." The only thing that they say about them is
that they are the coolest parents that they know.
Is there any advice that you might offer for a kid who is
interested in taking drugs for the first time?
Zena: I guess that I would just say think about it a lot
before doing it. Maybe they could save this experience
until later. Personally, I think that I am so young, if I just
do everything and get it over with--have sex, and do
drugs, and do everything right now--what will I have left
to do when I get older? If you really want to do it, then
waiting will give you something to look forward to. So
I'm waiting. When you get older, and when you feel like
you are really ready, perhaps that is a better time. As a
comparison, are you really ready to have sex at a very
young age? And then, are you really ready to have a
baby? Are you really ready to accept the consequences of
your actions? So the same can be said for doing drugs.
Personally, I am not ready for those consequences. And I
don't think that a lot of kids my age are. I don't want to
deal with all of the stuff that comes with it all. If you
really think you are ready, that might be another thing.
But don't come complaining to me if your parents find