PDF Version of this Document  

While researching the themes of this issue of the Bulletin, we came across many additional resources that may be of interest to MAPS supporters. The spiritual aspect of psychedelics alone has been covered in numerous books and articles. As a starting point for those who desire to investigate further, consider the following...


de Alverga, A.P. 1999. Forest of Visions: Ayahuasca, Amazon Spirituality, and the Santo Daime. Inner Traditions.
Bishop. C. 1996. Sex and Spirit. Time-Life Books.
Braden, W. 1967. The Private Sea: LSD and the Search for God. Quadrangle Books.
Brown, D.J. 2000. Virus: The Alien Strain. New Falcon.
Camphausen, R.C. 1999. The Encyclopedia of Sacred Sexuality: From Aphrodisiacs and Ecstasy to Yoni Worship and Zap-lam Yoga. Inner Traditions.
DeLuca, D. 1998. Botanica Erotica: Arousing Body, Mind, and Spirit. Healing Arts Press.
Forte, R. (Ed.) 1997. Entheogens and the Future of Religion. Council on Spiritual Practices.
Fuller, R.C. 2000. Stairways to Heaven: Drugs in American Religious History. Westview Press.
Gaskin, S. 1996. Cannabis Spirituality. High Times Books.
Gips, E. 1991. Scrapbook of a Haight Ashbury Pilgrim: Spirit, Sacrament, and Sex 1967-68. Changes Press.
Graboi, N. 1991. One Foot in the Future: A Woman's Spiritual Journey. Aerial Press, Inc.
Maslow, A.H. 1964. Religions, Values, and Peak Experiences. Kappa Delta Pi.
Miller, R.A. 1985. The Magical and Ritual Use of Aphrodisiacs. Destiny Books.
Morganthaler, J. and D. Joy. 1995. Better Sex Through Chemistry: A Guide to the New Prosexual Drugs. Smart Publications.
Rätsch, C. 1997. Plants of Love: The History of Aphrodisiacs and a Guide to Their Identification and Use. Ten Speed Press.
Ruck, C.A.P. et al. 2000. The Apples of Apollo: Pagan and Christian Mysteries of the Eucharist. Carolina Academic Press.
Smith, H. 2000. Cleansing the Doors of Perception: The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Plants and Chemicals. Tarcher/Putman.
Stolaroff, M. 1994. Thanatos to Eros: 35 Years of Psychedelic Exploration. VWB.
Teasdale, W. 1999. The Mystic Heart: Discovering a Universal Spirituality in the World's Religions. New World Library.
Walton, A.H. 1958. Aphrodisiacs: From Legend to Proscription. Associated Booksellers.
Wasson R.G., et al. 1978. The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secrets of the Mystery. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Wilson, R.A. 1983. Sex & Drugs: A Journey Beyond Limits. New Falcon Publications.
Zaehner, R.C. 1973. Zen, Drugs and Mysticism. Pantheon Books.


Clark, W.H. 1970. "The Psychedelics and Religion," in Psychedelics, edited by B. Aaronson and H. Osmond. Doubleday & Company.
Doblin, R. 1991. "Pahnke's 'Good Friday Experiment:' A Long-Term Follow-Up and Methodological Critique," The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology 23(1).
Freid, J. May 1996. "It's Better When You Swallow -- Warning: These substances may enhance your sex life. One man tunes in, turns on, and drops in on his girlfriend with the latest sex drugs," Details.
La Barre, W. 1979. "Shamanic Origins of Religion and Medicine," Journal of Psychedelic Drugs 11(1-2): 7-11.-- Metzner, R. 1997. "The Reunification of the Sacred and the Natural," Eleusis 8: 3-13.
Pahnke, W.N. 1966. "Drugs and Mysticism," The International Journal of Parapsychology 8(2): 295-313.
Pahnke, W.N. 1971. "The Psychedelic Mystical Experience in the Human Encounter with Death," The Psychedelic Review 11.
Pahnke, W.N. and W.A. Richards. 1966. "Implications of LSD and Experimental Mysticism," Journal of Religion & Health 5: 175-208.
Roberts, T.B. 1999. "Do Entheogen-Induced Mystical Experiences Boost the Immune System? Psychedelics, Peak Experiences and Wellness," Advances in Mind-Body Medicine 15.
Saunders, N. 1997. "The Spiritual Use of Psychoactive Drugs," Eleusis 8: 15-22.
Smith, H. 1964. "Do Drugs Have Religious Import?," The Journal of Philosophy 61(18).
Smith, H. 1967. "Psychedelic Theophanies and the Religious Life," Christianity and Crisis (26 June 1967).
Watts, A. 1968. "Psychedelics and the Religious Experience," California Law Review 56(1): 74-85.


Council on Spiritual Practice: The Entheogen Project
"The purpose of the Entheogen Project is to systematically gather knowledge about the immediate and long-term effects of entheogen use and to explore how public policy might accommodate responsible spiritual practices incorporating entheogens."

Drug ProFILES: Drugs & Sexuality Bibliography
A selection of relevant citations.

See their "Spiritual and Ritual Use of Entheogens Vault" ( for a collection of links to texts and sites related to the spiritual use of entheogens, and their "Experience Reports" ( for personal accounts that can be searched for the categories "Sex Discussion" and "Mystical Experience."

Flashback Books
Great selection of rare books on psychedelics/Cannabis and sex.

Psychedelic Library: Psychedelics & the Religious Experience
Part of the Schaffer Library of Drug Policy, includes full-text HTML versions of some of the articles mentioned in our listing of print resources.

Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments: An Entheogen Chrestomathy
Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D., Editors. A bibliography, with excerpts, of books, dissertations, and topical issues of journals about religion and psychoactive sacraments. Indexed by Author and Title, regularly updated; currently contains over 500 references. The Chrestomathy came in printed form at one time, but the ongoing updates have made this unwieldy and this valuable collection is now housed on-line.

"Sex, Drugs and Altered States of Consciousness"
Charles T. Tart wrote this article as a chapter (unpublished in print) for a book on sexuality, applying his systems theory approach to understanding altered states of consciousness to the altered state(s) produced by high sexual arousal and orgasm.

Spiritual Emergence Network
Information, referrals, and support for individuals experiencing difficulty with their psychospiritual growth. Education for psychology students who wish to specialize in spiritual emergence and psychospiritual issues. Practice development and training for licensed mental health professionals who wish to serve clients with spiritual issues. (415) 648-2610 for referrals.

The William James Awards
The Council on Spiritual Practices offers the William James Awards for masters' theses and doctoral dissertations focusing on empirical studies of primary religious experience and its consequences. Grants are awarded to pay direct expenses of student thesis research, up to $500.00 at the masters level and up to $1,500.00 at the doctoral level.


The Entheogen Review, 10(1) 2001: "Moving Into the Sacred World of DMT," and 10(2) 2001: "Just a Wee Bit More About DMT."
Gnosis 26, Winter 1993: "Psychedelics & The Path." Articles on the use of psychedelics for spiritual purposes.
High Times, Dec. 2001: "Pot and Sex." Articles on the effect of Cannabis on sex, pornography and pot, and aphrodisiacs.
Shambala Sun 7(6) July 1999: "Sex. It Works on so many levels." Articles on Alex Grey's art, Tantra, Annie Sprinkle, and more.
Shaman's Drum: A Journal of Experiential Shamanism. Often includes articles about the shamanic use of visionary plants. Shaman's Drum, POB 270, Williams, OR 97544.
Tricycle 21 Fall 1996: "Psychedelics and Buddhism."
What is Enlightenment 13, 1998. "What Is the Relationship between Sex and Spirituality?"